WHAT IS BLOOD PRESSURE?
Healthy blood pressure is essential for survival. Without the pressure that pushes our blood to circulate the circulatory system, no oxygen or nutrients would be supplied to the tissues and organs via our arteries.
Blood pressure, on the other hand, can become dangerously high or dangerously low.
This article will discuss blood pressure, ranges, how it is measured, signs and symptoms, causes and problems caused, home treatments, and when to seek medical assistance from hospital authorities.
WHAT ARE THE NORMAL & HIGH RANGES OF BP
Five ranges are as follows:
Blood pressure readings that are less than 120/80 mm Hg are deemed normal. If your BP findings fall into this group, continue to practice heart-healthy habits such as eating a well-balanced diet and exercising regularly.
It is considered elevated when blood pressure measurements are regularly 120-129 systolic and fewer than 80 mm Hg diastolic. People who have high BP are more likely to acquire high BP unless they take efforts to control it.
Hypertension Stage 1
Hypertension Stage 1 is defined as blood pressure that regularly varies from 130 to 139 mm Hg systolic or 80 to 89 mm Hg diastolic. Doctors are likely to recommend lifestyle modifications and may consider adding BP medication at this stage of high BP, depending on your risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD), such as heart attack or stroke.
Hypertension Stage 2
Hypertension Stage 2 is defined as a blood pressure reading of 140/90 mm Hg or above regularly. Doctors are likely to recommend a mix of BP medicines and lifestyle modifications at this stage of high blood pressure
This degree of hypertension necessitates medical intervention. Wait five minutes before taking another reading if your blood pressure suddenly goes above 180/120 mm Hg. Consult your doctor right away if your findings continue to be excessively high. You may be suffering from a hypertensive emergency. You my even have to undergo heart surgery if this is coming several times in a week so be carefull about your heart.
HOME REMEDIES TO CONTROL HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
If you have high BP, regular physical exercise — such as 150 minutes per week or approximately 30 minutes each day of the week — can reduce it by 5 to 8 mm Hg. It’s critical to maintain consistency since stopping exercise might cause your BP to increase again.
Maintain a healthy weight according to the BMI Index
As weight increases, BP often rises. Obesity can also lead to sleep apnea, which elevates your BP. Dietary modifications that result in weight loss are among the most effective methods of lowering BP. Your BP will typically drop by around 1 millimeter (mm Hg) for every kilogram (2.2 pounds) that you lose.
Eat a healthy diet
If you have high blood pressure, eating a diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products while avoiding saturated fat and cholesterol can reduce your BP by up to 11 mm Hg. This diet plan is called the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet.
Reduce Sodium in your diet
If you have high BP, even a little reduction in sodium in your diet can enhance your heart health and lower your BP by 5 to 6 mm Hg. The impact of sodium on BP differs among groups of people.
Keep the alcohol consumption to a minimum
Drinking consumption more than limited amounts of alcohol can cause a significant rise in BP that may also cause other diseases and organs failures. It can also make BP medicines less effective.
Smoking prevention aids in the restoration of normal BP. Quitting smoking and other nicotine products can lead you to live a healthier life by lowering your risk of heart disease and improving your overall health.
The impact of coffee on blood pressure is currently being discussed. Caffeine can increase BP by up to ten millimeters of mercury in those who take it in limit.
As a result of chronic stress, high BP may arise. The effects of prolonged stress on BP require further investigation. The consumption of unhealthy foods, the use of alcohol, and the smoking of cigarettes can all contribute to elevated BP while you are under stress.
Blood pressure monitoring at home and seek your doctor’s consult regularly
Blood pressure monitoring can keep a check on your BP, check that your lifestyle changes are working, and alert you and your doctor to any potential health concerns. Monitors for measuring your BP are readily accessible and do not require a prescription. Before you begin, talk to your doctor about the possibility of home monitoring.
Seek support from family and friends
Families and friends who are supportive can help you improve your health. They may motivate you to take care of yourself, drive you to the doctor, or join you in an exercise program to help you maintain healthy BP.
If your BP readings suddenly go above 180/120 mm Hg, wait five minutes before taking another reading. Consult your doctor right away if your findings continue to be excessively high. You may be suffering from a hypertensive emergency.
Don’t wait for your blood pressure to drop on its own if you’re experiencing signs of organ damage such as chest discomfort, shortness of breath, back pain, numbness/weakness, vision problems, or trouble speaking. for any type of heart-related or BP-related issue, connect with the best cardiologist in Dwarka.