In Vitro Fertilization: Everything you should know about IVF

 In Vitro Fertilization: Everything you should know about IVF

How does IVF(In Vitro Fertilization) work?

IVF represents In Vitro Fertilization. It works by utilizing a mixture of drugs and surgeries to assist the sperm to fertilize an egg and help the fertilized egg embed in the uterus of the female acceptor. To start with, you take a few drugs that make a few of your eggs develop and prepare for fertilization. At that point the specialist removes the eggs from your body and blends them with sperms in the lab, to assist the sperm with fertilizing the eggs. After which they put at least 1 fertilized egg straight into your uterus. Pregnancy happens if any of the embryos implants in the lining of your uterus.

IVF requires a few months to finish the entire cycle. It occasionally works on the first attempt; however, most individuals need more than 1 attempt to get pregnant. Your chances of pregnancy will increase with the help of IVF in case you’re having fertility issues, however, there’s no assurance — everybody’s body is unique in nature and this medical procedure doesn’t work for every individual the same way.

What is the IVF process?

The initial phase in IVF is taking fertility drugs for a while to help your ovaries produce a few eggs that are developed and prepared for the treatment. This is called ovulation induction. You may get frequent ultrasounds or blood tests to quantify your hormone levels and monitor your egg production. The extraction of the eggs which have ripened in the ovaries from the woman’s body is called egg retrieval and this is a minor surgery carried out at the fertility clinic.

You will get medical assistance to keep you calm and comfortable during the procedure. Ultrasound is used for seeing the internal organs of your body, the doctor inserts a thin, hollow tube into the ovary and follicles that contain your eggs through your vagina. The tube is attached to a suction device which sucks out the eggs slowly and gently.

In a lab, insemination takes place. At this stage, eggs are mixed with your partner’s or donor’s sperm cells. Sperms and eggs are stored in a container and fertilization take place. Sometimes, sperms have lower motility(ability to swim), at that time the sperms are directly injected into the eggs. This step takes place to promote the fertilization process. Cells present in the eggs get separated and become embryos. Medical staff who work at the lab will screen the process.

After 3-5 days, embryo transfer takes place. At this stage, the doctor utilizes a thin tube to insert 1 or more embryos in your uterus through your cervix. Pregnancy occurs if any of the undeveloped organisms (embryos) append to the lining of your uterus. Embryos are transferred at the fertility clinic and it’s not a painful process.

Plan on resting for a day after your undeveloped organisms are transferred. You can return to your typical daily routine within a day or two. You may likewise take pills or get everyday shots of a hormone called progesterone for the initial 8-10 weeks after the embryo transfer. The chemicals make it simpler for the incipient organism to survive in your uterus.

What Causes Infertility? 

With regards to infertility, IVF might be an alternative in the event that you or your accomplice have been determined to have a kid. Here are the common reasons for infertility: 

•Antibody issues that damage the sperm or the eggs 


•Low sperm count

•Low egg quality 

•Issues with ovulation 

•Issues with the uterus or fallopian tubes 

•The inability of sperm to penetrate 

•Hereditary illness of mother or father 

Risks of IVF: 

1.Multiple births- IVF builds the risk of multiple births if more than one incipient organism is moved to your uterus. 

2.Low birth weight and premature delivery- Research and evidence tell us that IVF marginally builds the danger of an infant coming into the world a bit early and also with low birth weight.

3.Ovarian hyperstimulation condition- Utilization of fertility drugs, for example, human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), to actuate ovulation can cause ovarian hyperstimulation disorder, in which your ovaries become swollen and agonizing. Side effects ordinarily last a week and incorporate gentle stomach torment, swelling, queasiness, retching, and a few more. Very few women build up a more serious type of ovarian hyperstimulation disorder that can likewise cause quick weight gain.

4.Unnatural birth cycle- The rate of premature delivery for ladies who utilize IVF with new undeveloped organisms(embryos) is about 15% to 25%, however, the percentage varies in relation to the maternal age.

How much does IVF cost? 

IVF in general tends to be very costly. A couple of states have laws that say medical coverage organizations should cover a few or the entirety of the expenses of infertility therapy on the off chance that you meet certain prerequisites. However, numerous insurance plans don’t offer any fertility treatment inclusion whatsoever. IVF cost for 1 round tends to be up to $15,000 or more and it incorporates drugs, medical procedures, sedation, ultrasounds, blood tests, and embryo storage.


In simple words, IVF is artificial insemination, in which sperm is set in the uterus and conception takes place. It includes fusing eggs and sperm outside the body in a research center. When an undeveloped organism(embryos) is positioned in the uterus. It is an expensive and complex medical procedure. 

Possibility for IVF success rate will rely upon a variety of components, including your age, cause(s) of your infertility, regardless of whether benefactor eggs are being utilized, past treatment results, and the center’s skill in your specific necessities. Examination says that IVF treatment has brilliant success rates. For women who are younger than 35, the level of live births per cycle was about 54.7%. Success rates decline in relation to the age, with a 12% success for women who are 41 to 42 years old.


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