Periods or Menstruation
Menstruation, also known as a period is the stage of menstrual cycles during which the endometrium, which is the liner of the uterus gets shed in females. The bleeding is seen as coming from the womb which is released via the vagina.
The majority of girls experience their first periods between age of 10 and 15 However, some girls have it earlier, while others later. First period referred to as menarche
A woman’s monthly cycle is the time that pass from the time she begins her period, to the beginning of the next time she experiences her period. It is often referred to as 28 days, an average number of days as per some of the best gynecologists in Delhi. The length of the cycle varies depending on the type of cycle. Some are 24 days long, while some take 34. It is possible for a woman to observe that her cycles have different lengths every month especially during the initial couple of years following the time she gets her period.
At the beginning of a girl’s cycle, the ovaries begin producing egg. Then the lining of her uterus gets thicker to create an egg nesting area to allow fertilization. In this case girl gets pregnant.
Around two weeks before the girl’s period and the egg is released out of the ovary (this is known as the ovulation). The egg moves through the fallopian tubes into the uterus. If the egg isn’t fertilized with sperm, it begins to break down. The egg and lining disappear from a woman’s body during her period begins and the process repeats in every cycle. The first day on which a woman’s period occurs is Days 1 and 2 of the cycle.
What are Irregular Periods
The irregularity of menstrual cycles is common, especially in girl’s first couple of years of experiencing her first period.
An irregular period, also known as oligomenorrhea can happen if there is a change in the method of contraception, changes in hormones at the time of menopausal and endurance training.
Treatment for irregular menstrual cycles during menopausal or puberty is usually not necessary However, if irregular cycles occur during the reproductive years medical advice might be required. Consult with the top Gynae Doctors in Delhi if you are facing problems with your periods.
Problems faced by Indian Females due to Irregular Periods
India is ranked very low in terms of menstrual health. About 55% of females in India suffer from irregular periods. The irregular cycles are in women, if left untreated, may result in other health issues like infertility, PCOS, Anemia, etc.
The report also states that in India over 68% of women suffer from severe symptoms of the period like tiredness, cramps, and bloating. From the many symptoms, more than 47% of women reported cramps. Nearly 49% of women complained of being tired, while 28% of women complained of feeling bloated throughout their periods.
Cause of Irregular Periods
Certain factors increase the risk of irregular menstrual flow. Most common is the hormone Imbalance. Two hormones that influence and regulate menstrual cycle are estrogen and progesterone. It may take a few years for estrogen and progesterone hormones to make a balance and irregular menstrual cycles occur frequently during this time.
In some cases, irregular menstrual cycles could be caused by medications, too much exercise or having a heavy or low body weight or not taking in enough calories.
Prior to menopause, women typically suffer from irregular menstrual flow and the amount of blood shed fluctuates. Menopause symptoms occur when the period of 12 months is over since a woman’s last menstrual flow. Following menopausal symptoms, women is no longer able to have menstrual cycles.
Contraceptives may cause irregular bleeding. The intrauterine device (IUD) could cause severe bleeding, and contraceptives can cause spotting between menstrual cycles.
If a woman is using the contraceptive pill, she could have small bleeding that is typically smaller and less heavy than regular menstrual periods. They usually disappear within a few months.
Pregnant women also aren’t able to get their period.
The most common sign of menstrual irregularity is when the menstrual cycle lasts longer than 35 days or if it fluctuates in duration.
If there is a change in blood flow or if there are clots which are greater than 2.5 centimeters wide This is also considered to be irregular.
If your cycle isn’t regular, it is important to be aware of the signals your body could provide you with that indicate you’re due to have your period soon. They could be:
- Back cramps or stiffness
- More hefty breasts or soreness in the breasts
- Disturbed sleep patterns
- Mood changes
- Loose stool
Diagnose of Irregular Periods
A gynecologist can perform an examination for physical health or the pap smear test can be performed for women who are older. This can eliminate possible cervical cancer.
The doctor might also suggest the following tests for diagnosis:
- Blood tests
- Pelvic Ultrasound for a check whether you have PCOS, Uterine Fibroids, or Polyps
- Laparoscopy to look inside the abdomen through a tiny incision close to the navel.
- Endometrial Biopsy for checking for Endometriosis. A small amount of tissue is taken from the lining to allow for an extensive exam.
Remedies and Treatment
Home remedies to fix irregular period cycles
Cinnamon assists in the regularization of your menstrual cycle and reduces the discomfort that comes with periods
Ginger assists in dealing with PMS symptoms and helps in regularizing the menstrual cycle. Ginger also reduces the blood flow during menstrual cycles.
Pineapple is an excellent natural remedy for irregular menstrual flow. Pineapple has bromelain in it, an enzyme that helps soften the liner of the uterus and aids in the regulation of menstrual cycles. It also has anti-inflammatory nature and helps ease discomfort associated with menstrual cycles.
Apple cider vinegar
Drinking apple cider vinegar(diluted) aids in controlling the menstrual cycle and also in treating PCOS.
Unripe papaya has ability to treat irregular menstrual cycles. It relaxes the contraction of uterus which is a key factor during your period.
Jaggery is sweet, and it has many medicinal properties. A regular intake of jaggery can aid in controlling irregular menstrual flow. It can also help in reducing cramps in the uterus.
Turmeric as a ability to treat any condition. It’s a natural remedy that can be utilized regardless of the situation. It also has anti-inflammatory as well as anti-spasmodic qualities that reduces cramps in the uterus.
Treatment of irregular mentrual Cycle
Treatment is possible after diagnostic examination. As previously mentioned hormone imbalances in the body can lead to irregular menstrual periods. It is vital to know hormone imbalances caused during puberty as well as menopausal changes do not require treatment.
The irregularity of menstrual cycles can also be linked to other conditions like PCOS, Uterine Fibroids, Endometriosis, Polyps, Thyroid issues and many more. Based on the reports, any top gynecologist will recommend an appropriate treatment.
- Contraception: If one feels that the irregularity of your menstrual cycle is caused by contraceptive pills, consult gynae doctor for alternate contraceptive methods.
- PCOS: If suffering from PCOS keeping a healthy weight is the key in reducing symptoms of late menstrual cycle. A lower weight indicates that the body is not able to create excess insulin, consequently, it reduces testosterone levels and increasing the level of Ovulation.
- Thyroid problems: An underactive or overactive thyroid gland can be the reason for missing or delayed menstrual periods. The thyroid regulates the body’s metabolism and hormone levels could be affected too. The thyroid problems are typically managed with medications. Following treatment, your menstrual cycle is likely to be back to normal. For hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism the specialist gynecologist might suggest diet and lifestyle adjustments, medications such as radioactive iodine therapy. In extreme instances, surgery is also required.
- Endometriosis: Typically hormone therapy is used to treat endometriosis. In extreme cases, surgical as well as fertility treatments are part of the treatment plan.
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) In the majority of cases, PID is caused by an STD. The doctor may recommend to undergo the STD screening test in order to determine the risk factors.
- Stress: When you are experiencing the effects of stress, it’s crucial to establish healthy ways to manage stress, including eating healthy, balanced meals, keeping up regular exercise and getting adequate sleep every day.
The doctor could prescribe metformin an oral insulin-lowering medication that helps to deal with ovulation as well as regulates menstrual cycles.
A birth control pill with a low dose which contains a mix of progesterone and estrogen may assist. This reduces androgen production and aid to treat bleeding disorders. In addition, taking progesterone 10-14 days every month will likely control the menstrual cycle.
The medicines that regulate menstrual flow should be taken only in accordance with the consultation from a trusted Gynecologist only. Avoid self-medication.