What Is Cataract?
Cataracts are clouding in the normally clear lens of your eye that cause symptoms such as blurry vision. Cataracts are common in the elderly. Cataracts affect more than half of people over the age of 80. Cataracts can affect both eyes. However, one eye may be worse than the other, or the condition may develop later. Cataracts can be surgically removed in an outpatient procedure that restores vision to nearly everyone.
Who is affected by cataract?
If you do any of the following, you’re more likely to develop cataracts:
- smoke a cigarette.
- you live in a polluted environment.
- drink a lot of alcohol.
- you have a history of cataracts in your family.
- rare eye defect by birth
CAUSES OF CATARACT
Cataract formation can be accelerated by a variety of factors, including:
- steroid used to treat arthritic and lupus conditions
- phenothiazine medications
- radiation therapies to one’s torso
- eye surgery
- no use of protective eyewear
SYMPTOMS OF CATARACT
Cataracts are a common symptom of the ageing eye. They may eventually result in:
- cloudy, blurry, foggy, or filmy vision.
- intolerance to direct sunlight, lamps, or headlights.
- glare (seeing a halo around lights), especially at night when approaching headlights are present.
- changes in eyeglass prescriptions, such as sudden nearsightedness
- you have double vision.
- a brighter light is required to read.
- impacts the way you see colour
- difficulty seeing at night
DIAGNOSIS AND TESTS
If you’re experiencing cataract symptoms, schedule an appointment with an ophthalmologist for a thorough examination. During this test, special eye drops widen your pupil (the black part of the eye) and check the health of your eyes. Your doctor can examine your eyes to see if you have cataracts or other issues, as well as determine how much of your vision is obstructed.
TREATMENT AND MANAGEMENT
If the symptoms of cataracts are minor, you may only require a new prescription for glasses or contacts. Cataracts, on the other hand, usually worsen over time. Your doctor will most likely recommend cataract surgery at some point. The clouded lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens implant during cataract surgery. The new lens is clear, customized to your vision needs, and shaped to fit your eye.
Because of the local anesthesia, you will be awake during the procedure but will not feel or see it. There are two types of cataract-removal procedures:
a) Cataract surgery with phacoemulsification
The most common procedure for cataracts is phacoemulsification. To reach the clouded lens, your ophthalmologist makes a small incision in the eye. Your ophthalmologist breaks the lens into pieces using high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) or a laser. The doctor then removes the lens fragments from your eye and replaces it with a new plastic lens.
b) Cataract surgery outside the capsule
If the phacoemulsification technique isn’t a good fit for you, your doctor may suggest this procedure. Your ophthalmologist will widen the opening in your eye. Your doctor removes the lens in one piece rather than breaking it up and then removing it.
Looking for cataract treatment or surgery, consult the best eye specialist in Delhi now.
POST SURGERY PROCEDURE
It’s common to have a day or two of discomfort after surgery.
- Minor irritation.
- Tears in the eyes.
- Light sensitivity.
- Vision is hazy.
You may need to use eye drops for a few weeks after surgery. You should also avoid: • Touching your eyes during those weeks.
- Bending down.
- Moving and lifting heavy objects.
- Anything that could result in an eye injury.
Cataracts are a common side effect of growing older. There are a few things you can do to protect your eyes and slow the process down:
• Give up smoking.
• Wear sunglasses and a hat with a brim to keep the sun out of your eyes, and see an eye doctor on a regular basis.
It’s common to develop cataracts and vision problems as you get older. You don’t have to put up with it, though. In India, cataract removal surgery is one of the safest and most effective procedures. It’s a quick and painless procedure. It restores vision to 90% of people and is rarely associated with complications.